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In the 5th-century BC, the philosopher Lao-Tse (also known as Lao-tzu) wrote: If you tell me, I will listen. If you show me, I will see. But if you let me experience, I will learn.

And so began one of the first active learning philosophies. Other Chinese philosophers, such as Kung Fu-tse (Latinized as Confucius) and Han Fei-Tzu, followed Lao-Tse by using a method that closely resembles what we now call the case method or case study. A member of the study group would present a paradox, which would be in the form of a parable. They would then discuss it and explore possible resolutions.