Teaching Methodologies

Chinese Philosophy

In the 5th-century BC, the philosopher Lao-Tse (also known as Lao-tzu) wrote: If you tell me, I will listen. If you show me, I will see. But if you let me experience, I will learn.

Greek Philosophy

“Excellence is an art won by training and habituation. We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly. We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.” — Aristotle

Socratic or Dialectic Method

Socrates guided the instruction by using leading questions. He basically browbeated the learners through the use of clever questioning.


Education for work or organized apprenticeship had its beginning in about 2000 B.C. for scribes in Egypt. Thus, education for work was organized in such a way that basic knowledge could be developed in a hybrid classroom setting and then applied skills could be developed on-the-job.

Completing the Zen in Performance Management

Performance Management is a long term process that focuses on continuous performance improvement or “change” for short. Its goal is to create a climate of shared understanding about what is to be achieved, and then developing people to increase the chance that it will indeed be achieved.

Malcom Knowles

In 1970, Malcom Knowles began to popularize andragogy, initially a term coined by the German teacher Alexander Kapp, by advocating the adult learning theory—a set of assumptions that characterize adult learners.

Role Playing

Role playing is a technique used in the learning process to provide participation and involvement in the learning process. In a training environment, role playing allows the learner to receive objective feedback about one's performance.

Discovery Learning

Discovery Learning is an inquiry-based learning method. The concept of discovery learning has appeared numerous times throughout history as a part of the educational philosophy of many great philosophers particularly Rousseau, Pestalozzi and Dewey.


While the need for practice for learning new skills has been known for some time, science begins to drill down to the heart of practice itself.

Kolb's Learning Styles

David Kolb's Experiential Learning: Experience as the source of learning and development (1984) theorized that four combinations of perceiving and processing determine four learning styles that make up a learning cycle.

Knowledge Management

For thousands of years, humans have been discussing the meaning of knowledge, what it is to know something, and how people can generate and share new knowledge. - Rudy L. Ruggles, Knowledge Management Tools, 1997